In 2008, the Russian Federation launched a full-scale assault against a sovereign state—its immediate neighbor, Georgia. This incursion, systematically preceded by political and other provocations, was the violent climax of policies pursued by Russia against Georgia over many years. Rather than work to peacefully resolve the conflicts in Georgia, Russia systematically stoked them. Moscow interfered in Georgian politics, supplied separatist militias with arms, ignored its peacekeeping responsibilities, failed to prevent widespread ethnic cleansing of Georgians and, ultimately, sought to annex Georgian territories by means of military force. Russia’s main goals have been to annex Georgian territories, overthrow Georgia’s legitimate government, subvert Georgia’s independence, curtail Georgia’s sovereignty, and send a message to its neighbors and to the West that it is in control of what it calls its “sphere of privileged interest”.
To date,the Russian Federation has only partially achieved its aims: since August 2008, inalienable parts of Georgia – namely, Abkhazia and the South Ossetia/Tskhinvali region – now exist under a state of full-scale Russian military occupation (note, however, that these areas had previously been controlled by Russian military and law enforcement forces, disguised as “peacekeepers”).
Read full report at civil.ge
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Sens. John Kerry and Gordon Smith today announced Saturday’s passage of their resolution in response to the crisis in Georgia. The resolution called on Russia to immediately comply with the September 8, 2008 follow-on agreement to the six-point ceasefire negotiated on August 12, 2008. It strongly backs humanitarian, economic, and democratic assistance for Georgia, and continues to support the NATO declaration at last April’s Bucharest Summit in favor of a Membership Action Plan for Georgia and the Ukraine.
“Russia’s aggression in Georgia violated international law and seriously diminished its standing in the world,” said Sen. Kerry. “The real test for American diplomacy in the months ahead will be how to best assist in the rebuilding of Georgia’s democracy.”
“Russia’s hostile invasion of its tiny democratic neighbor, Georgia, has sparked an international outrage,” said Sen. Smith. “We must help Georgia recover from this onslaught, and help this democratic country move forward to a brighter, more secure future.”
Below is the full text of the Kerry-Smith Senate resolution
“All roads lead to the Roki tunnel: the war started on provocative territory “
11 September 2008
The regiment, which has a permanent place of deployment in the village Prokhladni near Nalchik, was posted in Nizhny Zaramag after the exercises (2 August), writes Krasnaya Zvezda (Red Star). Nizhny Zaramag is located a few kilometers from the Roki tunnel’s northern entrance. A checkpoint and customs post are located in this village. Russia and Georgia have different views as to whom the Roki tunnel belongs to. The Roki pass includes the Roki tunnel; an essential part of the Transcaucasian road. The Roki tunnel is the only connection linking South and North Ossetia. The Mamisoni pass is, in fact, the border between Georgia and Russia. These are extremely important strategic places from a military point of view. A regiment of the 58th Army was located in close proximity to this border, in the city of Zaramag close to the Transcaucasus roadway, and was able to cross the border of South Ossetia in the shortest time.
On August 7, the Russian regiment received an order to move towards Tskhinvali. It was set on alert and before nightfall reached the positions prescribed. By midnight it was possible to see the outbreak of shelling in Tskhinvali from where regiment was located.
Between the Roki Tunnel and Tskhinvali there is only one such place [to see the shelling of Tskhinvali] : the village of Djava. So, the 135th regiment entered South Ossetia before the Georgian attack on Tskhinvali.
Text of the Schwartz-Shuster Resolution
If you were angered by the Russian invasion of Georgia please write your congressional representative. Russia hosting the 2014 Winter Olympics in the Black Sea resort of Sochi, 12 miles from the Georgian border is a non-starter, and so is their membership in the Group of Eight. These are two things the Russians care about and a non-military way to squeeze them. If you are indifferent to the invasion, please allow me 60 seconds to give you food for thought.
Contrary to Associated Press’ (AP.) incorrect reporting, Georgia did not start this war. The Russians sent in insurgents to murder Georgian citizens in order to cause a Georgian reaction which could “justify” their preplanned invasion and defacto annexation of the Georgian provinces of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. When the Georgian military responded to the never-ending murders by moving on Tskinvali, the Russians executed their pre-planned invasion as their “reaction” to Georgia’s move on Tskinvali.
Document by the Government of Georgia
Purpose of this document
In seeking to justify its invasion of Georgia, Russia has claimed that its forces entered Georgian territory only after a purported "surprise Georgian assault” on Tskhinvali; however, Moscow continues to refuse to make public the time at which Russia launched its invasion into Georgia.
As the following timeline makes clear, Georgian Government forces advanced into the Tskhinvali region only after days of intensive shelling that caused civilian deaths in villages under Georgian control —and after confirmation that a massive Russian land force had begun invading Georgia through the Roki Tunnel.
This was the culmination of months of meticulous planning by Russia; 40,000 Russian troops were soon occupying Georgia, as part of a simultaneous land, air and sea assault, unfolding a premeditated strategy that had little to do with Russia’s stated claim of protecting its recently created "citizens” in the Tskhinvali region.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and restoration of Georgia’s independence, the Russian Federation has been pursuing the targeted policy aimed at fragmentation of the Georgian State and infringement of its sovereignty. To achieve this goal Moscow through military aggression has invaded parts of the Georgian territory conducting total ethnic cleansing on the occupied areas.